What causes this hole? A preauricular pit is a small hole in front of the ear, toward the face, that some people are born with. This hole is connected to an unusual sinus tract under the skin. This tract is a narrow passageway under the skin that can cause infection.
Furthermore, are Preauricular pits rare?
A preauricular sinus is a common congenital malformation characterized by a nodule, dent or dimple located anywhere adjacent to the external ear. Frequency of preauricular sinus differs depending the population: 0.1–0.9% in the US, 0.9% in the UK, and 4–10% in Asia and parts of Africa.
Also to know is, why do I have Preauricular sinus?
Preauricular sinus may occur sporadically during the development of an embryo or it may be inherited in an autosomal dominant manner with reduced penetrance . Less often, it occurs as a feature of another condition or syndrome . Treatment may include antibiotics for infection and/or surgery to remove the sinus.
Is it rare to have a hole in your ear?
It is a common congenital malformation characterized by a nodule, dent or a dimple located anywhere near the ear. Only 4-10% of population in Asia and Africa have this anomaly, 0.9 % in UK and 0.1 to 0.9% in US. Your chances of finding a person with this peculiar hole is higher in Africans and Asians.
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A preauricular sinus appears as a very small pit just in front of the external ear (see figure 1). Most people with preauricular sinuses are completely asymptomatic. However, these sinuses can drain a foul smelling discharge, and when this happens, they are prone to chronic infection.
Preauricular sinuses are inherited in an incomplete autosomal dominant pattern, with reduced penetrance and variable power of expression. They can arise spontaneously. The sinus may be bilateral in 25-50% of cases, and bilateral sinuses are more likely to be hereditary.
Antibiotics (eg, cephalexin [Keflex], amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium [Augmentin], erythromycin) are indicated in patients with cellulitis from infected preauricular pits. Incision and drainage procedures may be required for patients with abscess formation.
An infection arises in cases of preauricular sinus when the opening of the pit seals bacteria within the sinus tract along with desquamated skin. Early signs and symptoms of swelling, pain, and erythema should prompt the practitioner to begin antibiotic therapy directed at common skin bacterial organisms.
In the UK, just under one per cent of people are born with them and it’s called preauricular sinus. Though they have been described as a genetic leftover of fish gills, they are ‘nodules, dents, or dimples’ that are exposed anywhere around the external ear – specifically, where the ‘face’ and the ear cartilage meet.
Soak your earlobes at least twice a day in warm, clean water with about 1/4 teaspoon of salt for every cup of water. Massage your earlobes at least once a day with coconut oil, jojoba oil, or another safe oil to prevent scar tissue formation. Wait at least 6 weeks between gauges.